Academic Senior High | Brampton Christian School

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Programs

Senior High

Presented here is an excerpt from our course catalogue titled Footsteps. You will also find a link to the different courses being taught and the teachers who are teaching the various sections of these courses.

GRADE 9

English, Grade 9 ENG1D Academic

Teacher: Mrs. C. Yu
Prerequisite: none

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grade 11 and 12. 

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9 MPM1D Academic

Teacher: Mrs. H. Newbury
Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9 MFM1P Applied

Teacher: Mrs. H. Newbury
Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

Science, Grade 9 SNC1D Academic

Teacher: Mrs. S. McLean-Fletcher 

Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

Core French, Grade 9 FSF1D Academic

Teacher: Mr. J. Head
Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of French instruction or equivalent

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Christian Education, Grade 9 HRE13 Open

Teacher: Mrs. B. Farrow
Prerequisite: none

This course focuses on teaching the Biblical view on maintaining high character standards. Students will be exploring the following issues: Integrity, Wisdom, Competition, Sanctity of Human Life, and Relationships. These topics are intended to help the students understand that spiritual growth in their personal character is evidence of a relationship with God.

Information and Communication Technology in Business, Grade 9 BTT1O Open

Teacher: Mr. J. Murray
Prerequisite: none

This course introduces students to the use of information technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop word processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology.

Visual Arts, Grade 9 AVI1O Open

Teacher: Mrs. S. Tannahill
Prerequisite: none

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

Music, Grade 9 AMU1O Open

Teacher: Mr. D. McArthur
Prerequisite: none

This course emphasizes the creation and performance of music at a level consistent with previous experience and is aimed at developing technique, sensitivity, and imagination. Students will develop musical literacy skills by using the creative and critical analysis processes in composition, performance, and a range of reflective and analytical activities. Students will develop an understanding of the conventions and elements of music and of safe practices related to music, and will develop a variety of skills transferable to other areas of their life.

Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 9 PPL1O Open

Teacher: Mr. R. Fontanna for Boys and Mrs. L. Kennedy for Girls
Prerequisite: none

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Students will learn movement skills and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety and injury prevention. They will investigate issues related to healthy sexuality and the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, and will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication, and social skills.

Career Studies GLC 2O Open

Teacher: Mrs. K. Davis
Prerequisite: None

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

Note: This course is considered a grade 10 credit, however students study it in grade 9 at Brampton Christian School.

Geography of Canada, Grade 9 CGC1D Academic

Teacher: Mr. J. Head
Prerequisite: none

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.

GRADE 10

English, Grade 10 ENG2D Academic

Teacher: Mr. M. Grabham
Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic ENG1D

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10 MPM2D Academic

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic MPM1D

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10 MFM2P Applied

Teacher: Mr. J. Doggart

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic MPM1D OR Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied MFM1P

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

Science, Grade 10 SNC2D Academic

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic SNC1D

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Core French, Grade 10 FSF2D Academic

Teacher: Mr. J. Head
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 9, Academic FSF1D

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will continue to develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Christian Education, Grade 10 HRE23 Open

Teacher: Mrs. B. Farrow
Prerequisite: none

This course directs students to recognize the truth contained in the Bible to meet their everyday needs. It teaches how to distinguish between right and wrong as well as “good” authority from “bad” authority. God’s true character is discovered in the Scriptures, and through various topics of relevance students will learn to appreciate the relationship that God desires with them.

Introduction to Business, Grade 10 BBI 2O Open

Teacher: Mr. J. Murray
Prerequisite: none

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.

Visual Arts, Grade 10 AVI2O Open

Teacher: Mrs. S. Tannahill
Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

Music, Grade 10 AMU2O Open

Teacher: Mr. D. McArthur
Prerequisite: Music, Grade 9, Open AMU1O

This course emphasizes the creation and performance of music at a level consistent with previous experience. Students will develop musical literacy skills by using the creative and critical analysis processes in composition, performance, and a range of reflective and analytical activities. Students will develop their understanding of musical conventions, practices, and terminology and apply the elements of music in a range of activities. They will also explore the function of music in society with reference to the self, communities, and cultures.

Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 10 PPL2O Open

Teacher: Mr. R. Fontanna for Boys and Mrs. L. Kennedy for Girls
Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.

Dramatic Arts, Grade 10 ADA2O Open

Teacher: Mrs. B. Farrow
Prerequisite: none

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms, conventions, and techniques. Students will explore a variety of dramatic sources from various cultures and representing a range of genres. Students will use the elements of drama in creating and communicating through dramatic works. Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the creative and collaborative processes and will reflect on their experiences.

Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10 CHC2D Academic

Teacher: Mr. R. Fontanna
Prerequisite: none

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10 CHV2O Open

Teacher: Mrs. C. Yu

Prerequisite: none

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.

Exploring Family Studies, Grade 10 HIF2O Open

Teacher: Mrs. L. Kennedy
Prerequisite: None

This course explores, within the context of families, some of the fundamental challenges people face: how to meet basic needs, how to relate to others, how to manage resources, and how to become responsible members of society. Students will explore adolescent development and will have opportunities to develop interpersonal, decision-making, and practical skills related to daily life. They will learn about the diverse ways in which families function in Canada and will use research skills as they explore topics related to individual and family needs and resources.

GRADE 11

English, Grade 11 ENG3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. C. Yu
Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic ENG2D

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.

Functions, Grade 11 MCR3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. S. Newbury
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic MPM2D

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Biology, Grade 11 SBI3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. S. McLean-Fletcher

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic SNC2D

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

Chemistry, Grade 11 SCH3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. H. Newbury
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic SNC2D

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Physics, Grade 11 SPH3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic SNC2D

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Core French, Grade 11 FSF3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Head
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 10, Academic FSF2D

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will continue to broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Christian Education, Grade 11 HRE33 Open

Teacher: Mrs. B. Farrow
Prerequisite: none

The focus of this course allows students to develop an accurate, Biblical view of true love that makes Christianity an active faith that goes beyond head and word knowledge. These lessons will teach a deeper understanding of what sin and forgiveness have to offer their lives on a personal level.

Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11 BAF3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Murray
Prerequisite: none

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and current issues and ethics in accounting.

Visual Arts, Grade 11 AVI3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. S. Tannahill
Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9, Open AVI1O OR Visual Arts, Grade 10, Open AVI2O

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design).

Music, Grade 11 AMU3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. D. McArthur
Prerequisite: Music, Grade 9, Open AMU1O OR Music, Grade 10, Open AMU2O

This course provides students with opportunities to develop their musical literacy through the creation, appreciation, analysis, and performance of music, including traditional, commercial, and art music. Students will apply the creative process when performing appropriate technical exercises and repertoire and will employ the critical analysis processes when reflecting on, responding to, and analysing live and recorded performances. Students will consider the function of music in society and the impact of music on individuals and communities. They will explore how to apply skills developed in music to their life and careers.

Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 11 PAF3O Open

Teacher: Mr. J. Lackey
Prerequisite: None

This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practise goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, reproductive health, mental health, and personal safety. Additionally, this course will allow students to participate in the variety of fitness related activities and environments to improve their level of fitness. Students will research, design, and then implement a personal fitness plan that will enhance his or her level of fitness. Students will participate in fitness testing, aerobic training, weight training, plyometrics, circuit training. They will also receive instruction in sport nutrition, athletic injuries, rehabilitation of injuries and sport specific training methods.

Understanding Canadian Law, Grade 11 CLU3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. L. Kennedy
Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, Academic CHC2D

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws.

World History to the End of the Fifteenth Century, Grade 11 CHW3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. R. Fontanna
Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic CHC2D

This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in, Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras.

Communications Technology TGJ3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Doggart

Prerequisite: none

This course examines communications technology from a media perspective. Students will develop knowledge and skills as they design and produce media projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. These areas may include TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore college and university programs and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.

Note: Students can take this course in either grade 10 OR grade 11 as ONE high school credit.

Communications Technology: Broadcast and Print Production TGJ3O Open

Teacher: Mr. M. Grabham
Prerequisite: none

This course enables students to develop knowledge and skills in the areas of graphic communication, printing and publishing, audio and video production, and broadcast journalism. Students will work both independently and as part of a production team to design and produce media products in a project-driven environment. Practical projects may include the making of signs, yearbooks, video and/or audio productions, newscasts, and documentaries. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.

Note: Students can take this course in either grade 10 OR grade 11 as ONE high school credit.

Technological Design TDJ3M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: none

This course examines how technological design is influenced by human, environmental, financial, and material requirements and resources. Students will research, design, build, and assess solutions that meet specific human needs, using working drawings and other communication methods to present their design ideas. They will develop an awareness of environmental, societal, and cultural issues related to technological design, and will explore career opportunities in the field, as well as the college and/or university program requirements for them.

Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology, Grade 11 HSP3U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Head

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic ENG2D OR Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic CHC2D

This course introduces the theories, questions, and issues that are the major concerns of anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the way social scientists approach the topics they study and the research methods they employ. Students will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues that have captured the interest of classical and contemporary social scientists in the three disciplines.

Presentation and Speaking Skills, Grade 11 EPS3O Open

Teacher: Mrs. C. Yu
Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic ENG2D

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.

GRADE 12

English, Grade 12 ENG4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. M. Grabham
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation ENG3U

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.

Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12 MDM4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

Advanced Functions, Grade 12 MHF4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. S. Newbury
Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation MCR3U

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.

Note: The new Advanced Functions can be taken concurrently with or can precede Calculus and Vectors.

Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12 MCV4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. S. Newbury
Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation MCR3U

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.

Note: The new Advanced Functions can be taken concurrently with or can precede Calculus and Vectors.

Biology, Grade 12 SBI4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. H. Newbury
Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation SBI3U

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Chemistry, Grade 12 SCH4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. H. Newbury
Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation SCH3U

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Physics, Grade 12 SPH4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. A. Jacobson

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation SPH3U

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Core French, Grade 12 FSF4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Head
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation FSF3U

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Christian Education, Grade 12 HRE43 Open

Teacher: Mrs. B. Farrow
Prerequisite: none

This course will present the Biblical view of marriage and the family. The course is divided into three sections: Dating and Courtship, Engagement and Marriage, and Marriage and the Family. It is intended to show God’s principles and guidelines for achieving and sustaining a Christian marriage and family based on the solid foundation of God’s word. Basic resources for the course are the Bible and the student textbook, One Plus One. Students are also encouraged to use a variety of other resources such as newspapers, magazines, television, parents, siblings, church leaders, and counselors to study the principles taught.

Financial Accounting Principles, Grade 12 BAF4M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Murray
Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation BAF3M

This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students’ knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduces accounting for partnerships and corporations.

Visual Arts, Grade 12 AVI4M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. S. Tannahill
Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation AVI3M

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts.

Music, Grade 12 AMU4M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. D. McArthur
Prerequisite: Music, Grade 11, University/College Preparation AMU3M

This course enables students to enhance their musical literacy through the creation, appreciation, analysis, and performance of music. Students will perform traditional, commercial, and art music, and will respond with insight to live and recorded performances. Students will enhance their understanding of the function of music in society and the impact of music on themselves and various communities and cultures. Students will analyse how to apply skills developed in music to their life and careers.

Exercise Science, Grade 12 PSE4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Doggart

Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university or university/college preparation course in Science OR any Grade 11 or 12 open course in Health and Physical Education

This course focuses on the study of human movement and of systems, factors, and principles involved in human development. Students will learn about the effects of physical activity on health and performance, the evolution of physical activity and sports, and the factors that influence an individual’s participation in physical activity. The course prepares students for university programs in physical education, kinesiology, recreation, and sports administration.

Canadian and International Law, Grade 12 CLN4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. L. Kennedy
Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course explores elements of Canadian law and the role of law in social, political, and global contexts. Students will learn about the connections between the historical and philosophical sources of law and issues in contemporary society. They will also learn to analyse legal issues, conduct independent research, and communicate the results of their inquiries in a variety of ways.

Communications Technology TGJ4M University/College Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Doggart

Prerequisite: Communications Technology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation TGJ3M

This course enables students to further develop media knowledge and skills while designing and producing projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. Students may work in the areas of TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will investigate career opportunities and challenges in a rapidly changing technological environment.

Note: Students can take this course in either grade 11 OR grade 12 as ONE high school credit.

Analysing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12 CIA4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. J. Murray
Prerequisite: Any university or university / college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions.

World Issues: A Geographic Analysis, Grade 12 CGW4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. K. Davis
Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course looks at the global challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process.

Canadian and World Politics, Grade 12 CPW4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mr. R. Fontanna
Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course examines Canadian and world politics from a variety of perspectives. Students will investigate the ways in which individuals, groups, and states work to influence domestic and world events, the role of political ideologies in national and international politics, and the dynamics of international cooperation and conflict resolution. Students will apply critical thinking and communication skills to develop and support informed opinions about current political conflicts, events, and issues.

Families in Canada, Grade 12 HHS4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. L. Kennedy
Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals, intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships.

The Writer’s Craft, Grade 12 EWC4U University Preparation

Teacher: Mrs. C. Yu
Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation ENG3U

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.